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Weather & Climate

Gulf of Mexico Weather Resources

The Gulf of Mexico is a 218,000 square mile semi-enclosed, oceanic basin that is connected to the Atlantic Ocean by the Straits of Florida and to the Caribbean Sea by the Yucatan Channel. Atmospheric temperatures in the Gulf region range from an average high of 69 degrees Fahrenheit in January to an average high of 91 degrees in August. The region experiences some of the most severe weather in the world, including major hurricanes, tornadoes, and thunderstorms.

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Areas of Interest


Louisiana Hurricane Resources non-gov narrative image

The site provides visitors with access to a wealth of data concerning storm preparedness and recovery, as well as archived information about Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, and subsequent recovery efforts.

Weather and Data Buoys near Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary(FGBNMS)

Information on about on-site conditions in and near FGBNMS through links to various data buoys.

Weather & Marine Forecasts

National Weather Service

The National Weather Service (NWS) provides weather, water, and climate data; forecasts and warnings for the protection of life and property; and enhancement of the national economy. The NWS seeks to build a Weather-Ready Nation where society is prepared for and responds to weather-dependent events.

NOAA WaveWatch III: Gulf of Mexico

This website from the National Weather Service provides several model forecast maps for significant wave heights, peak wave periods, and wind speeds in the Gulf of Mexico Region.

Sea Levels Online

Site showing sea level trends at locations throughout the U.S. and around the world.

Sea Level Rise Viewer

Being able to visualize potential impacts from sea level rise is a powerful teaching and planning tool, and the Sea Level Rise Viewer brings this capability to coastal communities.

Tropical Cyclones/Hurricanes

Historical Hurricane Tracks

This interactive mapping application easily searches and displays global tropical cyclone data. Users are able to query storms by the storm name, ZIP Code, city, state, geographic region, or latitude/longitude coordinates.

Hurricane Research Division

The NOAA Hurricane Research Division is engaged in advancing the basic physical understanding and improving the forecasts of hurricanes and tropical meteorological systems.

National Hurricane Center

The National Hurricane Center prepares and issues analyses and forecasts in the form of text advisories and graphical products.

NOAA Hurricane Central

This website brings together all the latest NOAA news and updates when a tropical storm or hurricane threatens the U.S.

NOAA Extreme Weather Information Sheets

Published each year for the Atlantic hurricane season, the NOAA Extreme Weather Information Sheets provide critical information for contacting government officials and monitoring information resources.

NOAA Hurricane Hunters

NOAA "Hurricane Hunters" are part of the part of the NOAA Aircraft Operations Center (AOC), a branch of the NOAA Office of Marine and Aviation Operations (OMAO). The AOC has airplanes that are flown across the U.S. and around the world, providing airborne platforms essential for gathering environmental and geographic data for scientific research.

Storm Quicklook

Provides a synopsis of near real-time oceanographic and meteorological observations at locations affected by a tropical cyclone, especially hurricanes.

StormSmart Coasts

Storm Smart Coasts is a resource for coastal decision makers looking for the latest and best information on how to protect their communities from weather and climate hazards.

Storm Smart Connect non-gov narrative image

SSC is a networking website that allows communities to share documents, lessons learned, and blog about current events. Joining is easy and free. If you working to protect your community from storms, flooding, sea level rise, and climate change, please join us.


Climate Outreach Community of Practice non-gov narrative image

The Climate Outreach Community of Practice is set up to allow local decision makers and extension, outreach, and educators to work together to incorporate all types of coastal hazards into Gulf Coast communities comprehensive plans.

Climate Prediction Center

The Climate Prediction Center's (CPC) products are operational predictions of climate variability, real-time monitoring of climate and the required data bases, and assessments of the origins of major climate anomalies.

National Centers for Environmental Information (formerly NCDC)

The National Centers for Environmental Information is the Nation's resource for global climate and weather-related data and information, and to assess and monitor climate variation and change.

National Centers for Environmental Information (formerly NGDC)

The National Centers for Environmental Information provides data describing the solid earth, marine, and solar-terrestrial environment, as well as earth observations from space.

National Centers for Environmental Information (formerly NODC)

The world's most comprehensive sources of marine environmental data and information.

National Weather Service Climate Services

The Climate Services Division at National Weather Service headquarters provides the strategic vision for climate services at NWS and oversees the NWS Regional and Local Climate Services program.

NOAA Climate Diagnostics Center

The Physical Sciences Division of NOAA's Earth System Research Laboratory conducts weather and climate research to observe and understand Earth's physical environment, and to improve weather and climate predictions on global-to-local scales.

NOAA Climate Program Office

The Climate Program Office manages the competitive research program in which NOAA funds high-priority climate science to advance understanding of Earth's climate system and its atmospheric, oceanic, land, and snow and ice components.

NOAA Climate Services Portal

The NOAA Climate Services Portal highlights some of the most popular datasets/products based on customer usage of the data. It includes datasets and products from NOAA's National Climatic Data Center, Coastal Services Center, and Climate Prediction Center, among others.

NOAA El Niño and La Niña Page

NOAA has primary responsibilities for providing forecasts to the Nation, and a leadership role in sponsoring El Niño and La Niña observations and research.

Physical Oceanographic Real-Time System (PORTS)

A decision support tool that measures and disseminates observations and predictions of bridge air gap and waves that mariners need to navigate safely and efficiently.

Tide Predictions

The nation's official tide predictions including links to online tide tables.

Education & Outreach

Gulf of Mexico Climate Outreach Community of Practice

The Climate Community of Practice brings together extension, outreach and education professionals and community official in the Gulf to learn how coastal communities can adapt to sea-level rise, precipitation changes and other climate-related issues.

Northern Gulf of Mexico Sentinel Site Cooperative

The Sentinel Site Cooperative is a partnership of agencies, universities, and NGOs working together to fill gaps in sea level rise science and management.

Coastal Inundation Toolkit

The Coastal Inundation Toolkit was developed to help communities understand and address coastal inundation issues.

Digital Coast

The Digital Coast also provides the tools, training, and information needed to turn these data into the information most needed by coastal resource management professionals.

Information about Hurricanes in Louisiana non-gov narrative image

Links are provided so students and teachers can find accurate information about the science of hurricanes and other storms.


The NOAA Coastal Services Center provides training to the nation's coastal resource management community.